Types of Kidney Stones
There are four main types of kidney stones, each with a different cause:
Calcium Stones - These are the most common type of stone and it is estimated that around 80% of all kidney stones are calcium stones. This type of stone is made of calcium and oxalate.
Uric Acid Stones – These stones happen from excess amounts of uric acid. Around 10% of all kidney stones are this type.
Struvite Stones – These are the result of too much ammonia in the urine. A majority of the time this is caused by a urinary tract infection. Struvite stones are sometimes referred to as “infection stones”. These are more common in women than they are in men.
Cystine Stones – These are caused when the kidneys excrete too much of certain amino acids. This type of stone is generally a hereditary disorder and affect roughly one percent of the population.
According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), 1 out of every 20 people will experience kidney stones at some point throughout their lifetime. Once you have kidney stones, you have a 60% chance of having them again.
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